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Trees and Shrubs

Looking to plant a trees or shrub? Maybe several? You’re making a wise decision. Trees and shrubs add much to our existence, including beauty, shade, oxygen, flowers, fruits, and more. They can provide screening to enhance your views. If strategically placed, trees and shrubs can reduce a home’s cooling costs. And it’s said that every healthy, mature tree adds $1,500 to the value of the property, per tree.

We’ll Help You Choose

What’s the difference between a tree and a shrub? Generally, a tree is big. And a shrub is small. That was easy. Below we’ll look at the four basic tree/shrub categories: evergreen, shade, ornamental, and fruit-bearing trees and shrubs.

But, before you start buying, enlist the help of the professionals at McCammon's Irish Market in Greenwood! Trees almost live forever, so you’ll need to make the best decisions possible based on our USDA Hardiness Zone (6a), the location on your property, the type of soil present, the amount of moisture generally found in that soil, and more. But don’t be intimidated. Stop in or call us.

Evergreen

Oh, this is an easy one: An evergreen is… “ever green.” In other words, it does not lose its leaves/needles. Many people love evergreens for this reason. (Actually, evergreens do lose their leaves/needles but do so gradually.) Trees and shrubs can both be evergreens.

Care

When planting an evergreen tree or shrub, avoid clay soils or soils that stay overly wet. It’s also best not to place an evergreen tree or shrub where it will be fully exposed to drying winds and the sun. Evergreens do need frequent watering, especially during the first year after planting. But they usually don’t require a whole lot of pruning or trimming.

10 Popular Evergreens
  • Pine
  • Red Cedar
  • Blue Spruce
  • Hemlock
  • Silver Fir
  • Cyprus
  • Sequoia
  • Rhododendron
  • Juniper
  • Redwood

Shade Trees and Shrubs

A shade tree or shrub is grown for its ability to provide shade. In general, we’re talking about hefty trees with canopies that tend to spread out. Shade trees are usually deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves during dry conditions or during the winter. Shade trees and some shrubs can develop large root systems that can often damage foundations, so placement is critical.

Care

Choose a tree that can handle the conditions found in our USDA Hardiness Zone 6a. Plant in soil that has proper drainage. Some shade trees and shrubs require “staking” during their younger years. Your shade tree or shrub may also benefit from wrapping the trunk, some fertilization, adequate water, and even a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch on the surface of the soil to preserve moisture loss and control weeds.

10 Likable Shade Trees and Shrubs
  • Oak
  • Maple
  • Linden
  • Ash
  • Elm
  • Weeping Willow
  • Poplar
  • Birch
  • Tulip Tree
  • Locust

Ornamental Trees and Shrubs

These generally have beautiful shapes, spring flowers, berries or seed pods, and produce nice fall colors. And they grow to a height of 5 to 25 feet. An ornamental tree can be a rose tree, or a grafted evergreen, or even a topiary evergreen. People sometimes use the small and dwarf trees to provide interest, define an entryway, or provide shade for a patio.

Care

Ornamentals like moist, well-drained soil that’s deeply cultivated. Give your ornamental full sun to part shade. An ornamental tree or shrub will also require regular pruning to keep it from becoming a shrub. And don’t forget the fertilizer.

10 Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
  • Viburnum
  • River Birch
  • Bradford Pear
  • Dogwood
  • Weigela
  • Smokebush
  • Sumac
  • Boxwood
  • Magnolia
  • Japanese Maple

Fruit Bearing Trees and Shrubs

Most of us love fruit, right? And some of us like the idea of growing our own fruit! McCammon’s Irish Market has fruit bearing trees and shrubs that can grow in the Greater Indianapolis metro area. Don’t expect to harvest any coconuts or pineapples here in our USDA Hardiness Zone 6a. But there are many fruit-bearing trees and shrubs that will provide some of your favorite fruits.

Care

Fruit trees are not as difficult to grow in a backyard as you might think. Start with a very young tree obtained from your local nursery. Plant in a wide-open, sunny spot in your desired location, but away from a driveway or building. Make sure the soil drains properly -- very important. Stake your tree. Cover the soil with organic mulch but make sure the mulch does not come within 5 inches of the trunk. Please note that it will take anywhere from 1 to 7 years after you’ve planted a fruit bearing tree or shrub before it starts to bear fruit.

10 Tasty Fruit Bearing Trees and Shrubs
  • Apple
  • Cherry
  • Gooseberry
  • Grape
  • Peach
  • Plum
  • Blueberry
  • Strawberry
  • Pawpaw
  • Persimmon
Need plants or garden supplies? Need gardening or landscaping services?
Call 317-885-8707 or stop in to see if our 2016 Indy A-List Best Garden Center has it!